ceremonial

zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb. w borlase the antiquarian drew a plan of the site in the mid-c18 when the capstone was roughly horizontal and the chamber was set into a low stony mound approx 12.8m in diameter. by the time his great-great grandson visited the site in the middle of the c19, the capstone had slipped and the western upright supporting it had snapped.
the site today comprises two chambers set into a low stony mound. the main chamber is trapezoidal with its long axis running off NNE by 75 degrees. the western end is 0.83m wide, reducing to 1.9m. the total length being 3.16m. the capstone now tilted and following the line of the supporting stones is 5.33m by 2.9m and weighs about 9.45 tonnes. it has an antechamber at the eastern end formed by two impressive portal stones.
quoits are among the oldest megalithic architecture on the west penwith peninsula and would have represented a local variation of a tradition which had travelled from the levant up the west coast of spain to brittany, to arrive in cornwall in the late neolithic, around 3300 bce on route to wales, anglesea and ireland

/ Comments Off on zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb. w borlase the antiquarian drew a plan of the site in the mid-c18 when the capstone was roughly horizontal and the chamber was set into a low stony mound approx 12.8m in diameter. by the time his great-great grandson visited the site in the middle of the c19, the capstone had slipped and the western upright supporting it had snapped.
the site today comprises two chambers set into a low stony mound. the main chamber is trapezoidal with its long axis running off NNE by 75 degrees. the western end is 0.83m wide, reducing to 1.9m. the total length being 3.16m. the capstone now tilted and following the line of the supporting stones is 5.33m by 2.9m and weighs about 9.45 tonnes. it has an antechamber at the eastern end formed by two impressive portal stones.
quoits are among the oldest megalithic architecture on the west penwith peninsula and would have represented a local variation of a tradition which had travelled from the levant up the west coast of spain to brittany, to arrive in cornwall in the late neolithic, around 3300 bce on route to wales, anglesea and ireland

/ Comments Off on zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith.

neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith. the last high point before the western sea board and the site of much prehistory – heavily populated by a range of neolithic and bronze age long and round barrows entrance graves and carns. it is an important ceremonial site in view of the atlantic with many of its sites unexcavated. comprises an elongated stony mound, oriented NNW to SSE, situated on a crest above a slight southern slope. It is 26m long and varies between 5.0m and 6.0m wide. within this width comprises a flattened mound of small tightly packed stones, which at the northern end broadens to 3.2m. seven earthfast stones occur at irregular intervals by the edge of the flat mound and again towards the perimeter of the mound. these average between 0.1m to 0.3m but one of two leaning stones is 0.9m high. there are at least seventeen displaced blocks or slabs averaging 1.0m long and 0.7m wide on the mound and around its perimeter, but with no obvious sockets to confirm that they are part of a displaced kerb. one of the most interesting features is the way it incorporates a large 15m horizontal outcrop. initially level with the stone mound, this now rises 1.7m above it and at the southern end is 3.0m above the present ground level. along its axis small stones have been packed against and into its crevices. probably important before the carn was built, these outcrops have had their meaning and myths transferred to the barrow to enhance its status and presence in this ceremonial landscape

/ Comments Off on neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith.

neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith.

neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith. the last high point before the western sea board and the site of much prehistory – heavily populated by a range of neolithic and bronze age long and round barrows entrance graves and carns. it is an important ceremonial site in view of the atlantic with many of its sites unexcavated. comprises an elongated stony mound, oriented NNW to SSE, situated on a crest above a slight southern slope. It is 26m long and varies between 5.0m and 6.0m wide. within this width comprises a flattened mound of small tightly packed stones, which at the northern end broadens to 3.2m. seven earthfast stones occur at irregular intervals by the edge of the flat mound and again towards the perimeter of the mound. these average between 0.1m to 0.3m but one of two leaning stones is 0.9m high. there are at least seventeen displaced blocks or slabs averaging 1.0m long and 0.7m wide on the mound and around its perimeter, but with no obvious sockets to confirm that they are part of a displaced kerb. one of the most interesting features is the way it incorporates a large 15m horizontal outcrop. initially level with the stone mound, this now rises 1.7m above it and at the southern end is 3.0m above the present ground level. along its axis small stones have been packed against and into its crevices. probably important before the carn was built, these outcrops have had their meaning and myths transferred to the barrow to enhance its status and presence in this ceremonial landscape

/ Comments Off on neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith.

tregiffian entrance tomb.

tregiffian entrance tomb. considered part of the scillonian group of ‘entrance graves’ and is one if the earliest of its type in cornwall. It is within 90m of the merry maidens stone circle. It has been suggested along with bants carn as not being primarily sepulchral but rather repositories or chambers connected with land fertility rituals. (ashbee). topographically its position out on the l00m coastal platform of penwith contrasts with that of most other Entrance tombs which lie close to the 125m contour at the junction between the coastal platform and the high moorlands of west oenwith. significantly, the original 17m diameter circular turf mound retained by a megalithic kerb finds close comparison in irish late neolithic passage tombs. while the packing stones inside the kerb are reminiscent of ruined passage tombs at carrowmore. rhe decoration of the jamb stone on the east side of the entrance to the tomb with oval and circular cup marks is paralleled in megalithic tombs in western and northern europe, so one might understand this as a local interpretation of evolving tradition across europe . the barrow and kerb at tregiffian were reconfigured to roughly polygonal form, probably during the early bronze age when two cremation burials in collared food urns were placed in pits within the chamber. the oval cup marks on the entrance blocking stone are unique in cornwall

/ Comments Off on tregiffian entrance tomb.

tregiffian entrance tomb.

tregiffian entrance tomb. considered part of the scillonian group of ‘entrance graves’ and is one if the earliest of its type in cornwall. It is within 90m of the merry maidens stone circle. It has been suggested along with bants carn as not being primarily sepulchral but rather repositories or chambers connected with land fertility rituals. (ashbee). topographically its position out on the l00m coastal platform of penwith contrasts with that of most other Entrance tombs which lie close to the 125m contour at the junction between the coastal platform and the high moorlands of west oenwith. significantly, the original 17m diameter circular turf mound retained by a megalithic kerb finds close comparison in irish late neolithic passage tombs. while the packing stones inside the kerb are reminiscent of ruined passage tombs at carrowmore. rhe decoration of the jamb stone on the east side of the entrance to the tomb with oval and circular cup marks is paralleled in megalithic tombs in western and northern europe, so one might understand this as a local interpretation of evolving tradition across europe . the barrow and kerb at tregiffian were reconfigured to roughly polygonal form, probably during the early bronze age when two cremation burials in collared food urns were placed in pits within the chamber. the oval cup marks on the entrance blocking stone are unique in cornwall

/ Comments Off on tregiffian entrance tomb.

writing in light – history, philosophy and photography

   there has always been ‘photography’ – the writing of light emerging as it did  on the walls of ancient tombs its ‘photograph’ fixed by the cardinal alignments, the chamber acting as a camera, the box opening its lens to

/ Comments Off on writing in light – history, philosophy and photography

writing in light – history, philosophy and photography

   there has always been ‘photography’ – the writing of light emerging as it did  on the walls of ancient tombs its ‘photograph’ fixed by the cardinal alignments, the chamber acting as a camera, the box opening its lens to

/ Comments Off on writing in light – history, philosophy and photography

castlerigg stone circle. cumbria. 3300BCE. 

castlerigg stone circle. cumbria. 3300BCE. these cumbrian stone circles are amongst the oldest in britain and are associated with similar ones in brittany and the auklands in both form and use. it is thought to be used as a ceremonial

/ Comments Off on castlerigg stone circle. cumbria. 3300BCE. 

castlerigg stone circle. cumbria. 3300BCE. 

castlerigg stone circle. cumbria. 3300BCE. these cumbrian stone circles are amongst the oldest in britain and are associated with similar ones in brittany and the auklands in both form and use. it is thought to be used as a ceremonial

/ Comments Off on castlerigg stone circle. cumbria. 3300BCE. 

carnstabba rock_cut_basin

carnstabba rock_cut_basin looking out towards rosewall hill and trevalgan hill. these basins are to this day used by aboriginal peoples as gathering places. gathering ones thoughts. exchanging news. trading goods. watering. #stones #rock_cut_basins #journey_ing #natural_stone_feature #gathering_point #gathering_places #sacredplaces #rosewallhill #trevalgan #trevalganhill #bnw #blackandwhitephotography #carnstabba

/ Comments Off on carnstabba rock_cut_basin

carnstabba rock_cut_basin

carnstabba rock_cut_basin looking out towards rosewall hill and trevalgan hill. these basins are to this day used by aboriginal peoples as gathering places. gathering ones thoughts. exchanging news. trading goods. watering. #stones #rock_cut_basins #journey_ing #natural_stone_feature #gathering_point #gathering_places #sacredplaces #rosewallhill #trevalgan #trevalganhill #bnw #blackandwhitephotography #carnstabba

/ Comments Off on carnstabba rock_cut_basin

cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs.

cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs. closely associated to scottish and irish tombs. this circular formation has its five chambers facing outward and arranged such that they have a direct relationship with prominent landscape features. an 18th century excavation records burnt bones, urns and black sea pebbles. an outlying stone seen here between the chambers and the promontory is cup marked. #capstones #propped_stone #chambered_tomb #archaeology #ancient_architecture #landscape #neolithic #cup_ marks #rock_art #bnw #cromlech #pembrokeshire

/ Comments Off on cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs.

cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs.

cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs. closely associated to scottish and irish tombs. this circular formation has its five chambers facing outward and arranged such that they have a direct relationship with prominent landscape features. an 18th century excavation records burnt bones, urns and black sea pebbles. an outlying stone seen here between the chambers and the promontory is cup marked. #capstones #propped_stone #chambered_tomb #archaeology #ancient_architecture #landscape #neolithic #cup_ marks #rock_art #bnw #cromlech #pembrokeshire

/ Comments Off on cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs.

trethevy quoit

trethevy quoit is sited on a promontory overlooking the confluence of streams which flow southwards to become the river seaton; the northern skyline is dominated by caradon hill and granite massif of minions moor four large overlapping granite slabs set

/ Comments Off on trethevy quoit

trethevy quoit

trethevy quoit is sited on a promontory overlooking the confluence of streams which flow southwards to become the river seaton; the northern skyline is dominated by caradon hill and granite massif of minions moor four large overlapping granite slabs set

/ Comments Off on trethevy quoit

the materiality of stones

   the early modernist concern to ‘let the material speak’ can be traced back to prehistory.  the materiality of the stones selected for use in prehistory’s ceremonial assemblages is one of great importance, where certain stones are carefully chosen for there surface texture, visual tactility,

/ Comments Off on the materiality of stones

the materiality of stones

   the early modernist concern to ‘let the material speak’ can be traced back to prehistory.  the materiality of the stones selected for use in prehistory’s ceremonial assemblages is one of great importance, where certain stones are carefully chosen for there surface texture, visual tactility,

/ Comments Off on the materiality of stones

west penwith: axe production and distribution as a guide to prehistoric connectivity

the distribution of lithic material and its suggested disposition of axe factories at this point creates a fascinatingly complex and gradually unfolding picture of prehistoric interaction. a series of stages of activity is suggested — stage 1 is difficult to

/ Comments Off on west penwith: axe production and distribution as a guide to prehistoric connectivity

west penwith: axe production and distribution as a guide to prehistoric connectivity

the distribution of lithic material and its suggested disposition of axe factories at this point creates a fascinatingly complex and gradually unfolding picture of prehistoric interaction. a series of stages of activity is suggested — stage 1 is difficult to

/ Comments Off on west penwith: axe production and distribution as a guide to prehistoric connectivity

trencrom tor enclosure

  trencrom. with evidence of it as a neolithic tor enclosure and a iron age hill fort, the long term occupation of trencrom hill underlines its importance in the cosmology of many generation of prehistoric peoples.  tor enclosures seem to have a

/ Comments Off on trencrom tor enclosure

trencrom tor enclosure

  trencrom. with evidence of it as a neolithic tor enclosure and a iron age hill fort, the long term occupation of trencrom hill underlines its importance in the cosmology of many generation of prehistoric peoples.  tor enclosures seem to have a

/ Comments Off on trencrom tor enclosure

tor enclosures

at roughtor a well preserved stone-built tor enclosure incorporates the natural outcrops of roughtor and little roughtor. its stony banks are shown as solid black lines in this plan to the right. it was surveyed on the ground by english

/ Comments Off on tor enclosures

tor enclosures

at roughtor a well preserved stone-built tor enclosure incorporates the natural outcrops of roughtor and little roughtor. its stony banks are shown as solid black lines in this plan to the right. it was surveyed on the ground by english

/ Comments Off on tor enclosures

house burning

ritual focuses attention by framing; it enlivens the memory and links the present with the relevant past. in all this it aids perception. (douglas 1966: 65) timber constructions in scotland including cursus monuments, mortuary enclosures, timber halls, cremation pyres and other forms

/ Comments Off on house burning

house burning

ritual focuses attention by framing; it enlivens the memory and links the present with the relevant past. in all this it aids perception. (douglas 1966: 65) timber constructions in scotland including cursus monuments, mortuary enclosures, timber halls, cremation pyres and other forms

/ Comments Off on house burning

callanish stones. the moon, sun, land and sea.

it is thought the erection of the first stones at callanish I (tursachan calanais) began around 3000bc. the construction started with the tallest, central monolith, [burl suggests as a navigational aid] and then is encompassed by a flattened circle of

/ Comments Off on callanish stones. the moon, sun, land and sea.

callanish stones. the moon, sun, land and sea.

it is thought the erection of the first stones at callanish I (tursachan calanais) began around 3000bc. the construction started with the tallest, central monolith, [burl suggests as a navigational aid] and then is encompassed by a flattened circle of

/ Comments Off on callanish stones. the moon, sun, land and sea.

castlerigg stone circle

situated on chestnut hill it is supremely sited amonst the surrounding mountains and is probably one of the earliest neolithic stone circles constructed in britain around 3200BC. it corresponds to the most active period in cumbria for the production of

/ Comments Off on castlerigg stone circle

castlerigg stone circle

situated on chestnut hill it is supremely sited amonst the surrounding mountains and is probably one of the earliest neolithic stone circles constructed in britain around 3200BC. it corresponds to the most active period in cumbria for the production of

/ Comments Off on castlerigg stone circle

gobekli tepe

göbekli tepe (turkish for ‘hill with a tummy’), which is a hilltop sanctuary built on the highest point of an elongated mountain ridge about 15km northeast of the town of şanlıurfa (urfa)in southeast turkey. it is said to have been

/ Comments Off on gobekli tepe

gobekli tepe

göbekli tepe (turkish for ‘hill with a tummy’), which is a hilltop sanctuary built on the highest point of an elongated mountain ridge about 15km northeast of the town of şanlıurfa (urfa)in southeast turkey. it is said to have been

/ Comments Off on gobekli tepe

megalithic trails

gobekli tepe. large ceremonial complexes dating from the 9th millennium BC have been discovered at a number of sites in eastern turkey. they belong to the incipient phases of agriculture and animal husbandry. large circular structures involving carved megalithic orthostats are

/ Comments Off on megalithic trails

megalithic trails

gobekli tepe. large ceremonial complexes dating from the 9th millennium BC have been discovered at a number of sites in eastern turkey. they belong to the incipient phases of agriculture and animal husbandry. large circular structures involving carved megalithic orthostats are

/ Comments Off on megalithic trails

quoits–cornish portal dolmen

Trevethy Quoit – Portal Dolmen. trethevy quoit was originally covered by a mound. known locally as ‘the giant’s house’. the remnants of this suggest a diameter of 6.5 metres. the remaining six stones (originally 7) and the 3.7 m long and

/ Comments Off on quoits–cornish portal dolmen

quoits–cornish portal dolmen

Trevethy Quoit – Portal Dolmen. trethevy quoit was originally covered by a mound. known locally as ‘the giant’s house’. the remnants of this suggest a diameter of 6.5 metres. the remaining six stones (originally 7) and the 3.7 m long and

/ Comments Off on quoits–cornish portal dolmen

dolmen. passage graves. gallery graves, quoits

the dolmen are megalithic tombs built of stone. most were probably covered by a mound of earth and/or stone. the older ones were family or community graves, used over many generations. the oldest dolmen in the carnac area was built

/ Comments Off on dolmen. passage graves. gallery graves, quoits

dolmen. passage graves. gallery graves, quoits

the dolmen are megalithic tombs built of stone. most were probably covered by a mound of earth and/or stone. the older ones were family or community graves, used over many generations. the oldest dolmen in the carnac area was built

/ Comments Off on dolmen. passage graves. gallery graves, quoits

stone axe menhir

it is suggested that the axe shaped centre longstone at boscawen-un stone circle probably predates the other stones that make up this elliptical stone circle. like an axe head struck into the ground, it is thought that it has always

/ Comments Off on stone axe menhir

stone axe menhir

it is suggested that the axe shaped centre longstone at boscawen-un stone circle probably predates the other stones that make up this elliptical stone circle. like an axe head struck into the ground, it is thought that it has always

/ Comments Off on stone axe menhir