— ancestors and death ritualised, first as act of collective memory then individual burials. death monumentalised. menhirs cromlechs, entrance grave, cairns, barrows
— burning and cremation as acts of transition- deliberately burnt long house become long barrows.
— burying things as act of passing ritualising loss death and re birth
— house ritualised as burial place, burying within house and then house of the dead
— certain types of earth found in graves carries symbolic meaning
— charcoal, burnt bones, special stones prepare a ‘sacred’ ground