Posts Tagged 'archaeology'

avebury henge and stone circles. domestic house origins.

avebury henge and stone circles. the henge 420m across contains the largest extant stone circles in europe being 330m in diameter a massive monument created during the 3rd millennium bc. recent geophysical and GPR explorations suggest its origins lie in

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avebury henge and stone circles. domestic house origins.

avebury henge and stone circles. the henge 420m across contains the largest extant stone circles in europe being 330m in diameter a massive monument created during the 3rd millennium bc. recent geophysical and GPR explorations suggest its origins lie in

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west kennet long barrow.

west kennet long barrow. after the first burials in around 3725-70 BCE it was again reused between 3620 and 3240 BCE as a burial space, receiving both human and animal remains over a period of several centuries. various flint tools

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west kennet long barrow.

west kennet long barrow. after the first burials in around 3725-70 BCE it was again reused between 3620 and 3240 BCE as a burial space, receiving both human and animal remains over a period of several centuries. various flint tools

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west kennet long barrow.

west kennet long barrow. built out of earth, local sarsen megaliths, and oolitic limestone imported from the cotswolds, the long barrow consisted of a sub-rectangular earthen tumulus enclosed by kerb-stones. Its precise date of construction is not known. although the

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west kennet long barrow.

west kennet long barrow. built out of earth, local sarsen megaliths, and oolitic limestone imported from the cotswolds, the long barrow consisted of a sub-rectangular earthen tumulus enclosed by kerb-stones. Its precise date of construction is not known. although the

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the west kennet long barrow.

the west kennet long barrow. built by pastoralist communities shortly after the introduction of agriculture to britain from continental europe. they form part of an architectural tradition of long barrow building widespread across neolithic europe, although the barrow belongs to

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the west kennet long barrow.

the west kennet long barrow. built by pastoralist communities shortly after the introduction of agriculture to britain from continental europe. they form part of an architectural tradition of long barrow building widespread across neolithic europe, although the barrow belongs to

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the giants rock. zennor.

the giants rock. zennor. this massive natural rock feature that has been associated by william borlase (and others) with a destroyed chambered tomb of the same name. this logan rock (balancing stone) is approx. 5.5m by 2.0m and 1.0m thick. it is said that it still rocks but It seems to have moved sufficiently to prevent this now. there is a natural rock basin on its upper surface and a small cup-mark on the higher southern end that seems artificial and suggests the rock may have been part of a larger ceremonial complex that included the chambered tomb and standing stone in its immediate vicinity. it is set against zennor hill with it’s possible enclosure, propped stones and it’s own logan rock and can be seen here in the background

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the giants rock. zennor.

the giants rock. zennor. this massive natural rock feature that has been associated by william borlase (and others) with a destroyed chambered tomb of the same name. this logan rock (balancing stone) is approx. 5.5m by 2.0m and 1.0m thick. it is said that it still rocks but It seems to have moved sufficiently to prevent this now. there is a natural rock basin on its upper surface and a small cup-mark on the higher southern end that seems artificial and suggests the rock may have been part of a larger ceremonial complex that included the chambered tomb and standing stone in its immediate vicinity. it is set against zennor hill with it’s possible enclosure, propped stones and it’s own logan rock and can be seen here in the background

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tabletop dolmen. passage tomb.

tabletop dolmen. passage tomb. distributed mainly on the west of britain and across ireland they seem to have originated in brittany and have astroarchaeological alignments with the sun and in some cases the moon

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tabletop dolmen. passage tomb.

tabletop dolmen. passage tomb. distributed mainly on the west of britain and across ireland they seem to have originated in brittany and have astroarchaeological alignments with the sun and in some cases the moon

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tresvennack pillar.

tresvennack pillar. a close cousin to the triganeeris sisters or higher drift stones across the valley and they share inter-visibility and similar burial pits dug close by directly into the clay rab. this one having a near complete cremation urn – found by a local farmer in the nineteenth century. this is what you are looking at from the sight line set up in the last post maker

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tresvennack pillar.

tresvennack pillar. a close cousin to the triganeeris sisters or higher drift stones across the valley and they share inter-visibility and similar burial pits dug close by directly into the clay rab. this one having a near complete cremation urn – found by a local farmer in the nineteenth century. this is what you are looking at from the sight line set up in the last post maker

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solutions basin. treryn dinas

just been reading AN ARCHAEOLOGY OF SUPERNATURAL PLACES:THE CASE OF WEST PENWITH by CHRISTOPHER TILLEY & WAYNE BENNETT and came across this stone today built into the ringed embankment at treryn dinas promontory fort at treen. it is natural stone of the sort discussed in the article with its solutions basin – ‘ water from the gods’ and the part these might have played in prehistory as part of processional and ceremonial activity. situated very close to the supposed neolithic stone circle also incorporated into the embankment-natural

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solutions basin. treryn dinas

just been reading AN ARCHAEOLOGY OF SUPERNATURAL PLACES:THE CASE OF WEST PENWITH by CHRISTOPHER TILLEY & WAYNE BENNETT and came across this stone today built into the ringed embankment at treryn dinas promontory fort at treen. it is natural stone of the sort discussed in the article with its solutions basin – ‘ water from the gods’ and the part these might have played in prehistory as part of processional and ceremonial activity. situated very close to the supposed neolithic stone circle also incorporated into the embankment-natural

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redhouse standings stones.

redhouse standings stones. found out these should probably be referred to as the redhouse standing stones. from the local farmhouse and not to the kerris stones as there the is another triangular stone by the last name. these two very nice stones are not in the official monument record although they have been recorded by both mitchell and barnet in the 60’s. many of the close by have given up many finds spanning both the mesolithic and the neolithic so they are in good company. a feature of the fields in which they stand is the large number of stones set in the boundary ‘hedges’. one such can be seen just to the right of the stone. and at the far left of the photo along the boundary edge

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redhouse standings stones.

redhouse standings stones. found out these should probably be referred to as the redhouse standing stones. from the local farmhouse and not to the kerris stones as there the is another triangular stone by the last name. these two very nice stones are not in the official monument record although they have been recorded by both mitchell and barnet in the 60’s. many of the close by have given up many finds spanning both the mesolithic and the neolithic so they are in good company. a feature of the fields in which they stand is the large number of stones set in the boundary ‘hedges’. one such can be seen just to the right of the stone. and at the far left of the photo along the boundary edge

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balancing stone. rosewall hill

rosewall_hill_east. west_penwith. #balancing _stone #archeaology #propped_stone #rosewall_hill #bnw from instagram: http://ift.tt/1Xsr21q

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balancing stone. rosewall hill

rosewall_hill_east. west_penwith. #balancing _stone #archeaology #propped_stone #rosewall_hill #bnw from instagram: http://ift.tt/1Xsr21q

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bluestones: preseli – stonehenge

a team of scientists and researcher from ucl, university of manchester, bournemouth university, university of southampton, university of leicester, amgueddfa cymru – national museum wales, and dyfed archaeological trust. have excavatied two quarries in wales by a thought to be the

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bluestones: preseli – stonehenge

a team of scientists and researcher from ucl, university of manchester, bournemouth university, university of southampton, university of leicester, amgueddfa cymru – national museum wales, and dyfed archaeological trust. have excavatied two quarries in wales by a thought to be the

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tinkins wood chambered tomb.

tinkins wood chambered tomb. neolithic chambered tombs are found throughout europe and are amongst the oldest surviving man- made structures and built as the communal burial places. they are transitional monuments marking the transformation of a culture based on hunting and gathering to one based on domesticates and early farming. tombs of this date are known across wales, although this type are concentrated in the south-east of the county, on the lower slopes of the black mountains and the slopes overlooking the valleys of the wye and usk, but also in the cotswolds and the severn estuary. tinkins wood tomb has a cross linear structure dividing the monument into compartments. it is thought to derive from its evolution from similar divisions found in timbered long houses. indeed recent excavations at dorstone hill in the golden valley have unearthed such a longhouse beneath a later chambered tomb of this type.

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tinkins wood chambered tomb.

tinkins wood chambered tomb. neolithic chambered tombs are found throughout europe and are amongst the oldest surviving man- made structures and built as the communal burial places. they are transitional monuments marking the transformation of a culture based on hunting and gathering to one based on domesticates and early farming. tombs of this date are known across wales, although this type are concentrated in the south-east of the county, on the lower slopes of the black mountains and the slopes overlooking the valleys of the wye and usk, but also in the cotswolds and the severn estuary. tinkins wood tomb has a cross linear structure dividing the monument into compartments. it is thought to derive from its evolution from similar divisions found in timbered long houses. indeed recent excavations at dorstone hill in the golden valley have unearthed such a longhouse beneath a later chambered tomb of this type.

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ancient trackway. carnstabba

ancient trackway. this stone is part of a wall that makes up this section of an ancient trackway leading originally up the the crest of carnstabba hill and beyond. carnstabba holds some extraordinary stone features – giant stones, logan stones

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ancient trackway. carnstabba

ancient trackway. this stone is part of a wall that makes up this section of an ancient trackway leading originally up the the crest of carnstabba hill and beyond. carnstabba holds some extraordinary stone features – giant stones, logan stones

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rosewall hill. west penwith. 

rosewall hill. west penwith. anamorphic stones that are strangely familiar and remind us of the sentient nature that some of these stone possess and the places they make. walking these ancient tracks across the high moors of west penwith with

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rosewall hill. west penwith. 

rosewall hill. west penwith. anamorphic stones that are strangely familiar and remind us of the sentient nature that some of these stone possess and the places they make. walking these ancient tracks across the high moors of west penwith with

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zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb. w borlase the antiquarian drew a plan of the site in the mid-c18 when the capstone was roughly horizontal and the chamber was set into a low stony mound approx 12.8m in diameter. by the time his great-great grandson visited the site in the middle of the c19, the capstone had slipped and the western upright supporting it had snapped.
the site today comprises two chambers set into a low stony mound. the main chamber is trapezoidal with its long axis running off NNE by 75 degrees. the western end is 0.83m wide, reducing to 1.9m. the total length being 3.16m. the capstone now tilted and following the line of the supporting stones is 5.33m by 2.9m and weighs about 9.45 tonnes. it has an antechamber at the eastern end formed by two impressive portal stones.
quoits are among the oldest megalithic architecture on the west penwith peninsula and would have represented a local variation of a tradition which had travelled from the levant up the west coast of spain to brittany, to arrive in cornwall in the late neolithic, around 3300 bce on route to wales, anglesea and ireland

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zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

zennor quoit. neolithic chambered tomb. w borlase the antiquarian drew a plan of the site in the mid-c18 when the capstone was roughly horizontal and the chamber was set into a low stony mound approx 12.8m in diameter. by the time his great-great grandson visited the site in the middle of the c19, the capstone had slipped and the western upright supporting it had snapped.
the site today comprises two chambers set into a low stony mound. the main chamber is trapezoidal with its long axis running off NNE by 75 degrees. the western end is 0.83m wide, reducing to 1.9m. the total length being 3.16m. the capstone now tilted and following the line of the supporting stones is 5.33m by 2.9m and weighs about 9.45 tonnes. it has an antechamber at the eastern end formed by two impressive portal stones.
quoits are among the oldest megalithic architecture on the west penwith peninsula and would have represented a local variation of a tradition which had travelled from the levant up the west coast of spain to brittany, to arrive in cornwall in the late neolithic, around 3300 bce on route to wales, anglesea and ireland

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neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith.

neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith. the last high point before the western sea board and the site of much prehistory – heavily populated by a range of neolithic and bronze age long and round barrows entrance graves and carns. it is an important ceremonial site in view of the atlantic with many of its sites unexcavated. comprises an elongated stony mound, oriented NNW to SSE, situated on a crest above a slight southern slope. It is 26m long and varies between 5.0m and 6.0m wide. within this width comprises a flattened mound of small tightly packed stones, which at the northern end broadens to 3.2m. seven earthfast stones occur at irregular intervals by the edge of the flat mound and again towards the perimeter of the mound. these average between 0.1m to 0.3m but one of two leaning stones is 0.9m high. there are at least seventeen displaced blocks or slabs averaging 1.0m long and 0.7m wide on the mound and around its perimeter, but with no obvious sockets to confirm that they are part of a displaced kerb. one of the most interesting features is the way it incorporates a large 15m horizontal outcrop. initially level with the stone mound, this now rises 1.7m above it and at the southern end is 3.0m above the present ground level. along its axis small stones have been packed against and into its crevices. probably important before the carn was built, these outcrops have had their meaning and myths transferred to the barrow to enhance its status and presence in this ceremonial landscape

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neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith.

neolithic long carn or barrow. chaple carn brea west penwith. the last high point before the western sea board and the site of much prehistory – heavily populated by a range of neolithic and bronze age long and round barrows entrance graves and carns. it is an important ceremonial site in view of the atlantic with many of its sites unexcavated. comprises an elongated stony mound, oriented NNW to SSE, situated on a crest above a slight southern slope. It is 26m long and varies between 5.0m and 6.0m wide. within this width comprises a flattened mound of small tightly packed stones, which at the northern end broadens to 3.2m. seven earthfast stones occur at irregular intervals by the edge of the flat mound and again towards the perimeter of the mound. these average between 0.1m to 0.3m but one of two leaning stones is 0.9m high. there are at least seventeen displaced blocks or slabs averaging 1.0m long and 0.7m wide on the mound and around its perimeter, but with no obvious sockets to confirm that they are part of a displaced kerb. one of the most interesting features is the way it incorporates a large 15m horizontal outcrop. initially level with the stone mound, this now rises 1.7m above it and at the southern end is 3.0m above the present ground level. along its axis small stones have been packed against and into its crevices. probably important before the carn was built, these outcrops have had their meaning and myths transferred to the barrow to enhance its status and presence in this ceremonial landscape

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merry maidens and stone rings.

merry maidens stone circle. these stone rings seem closely related to the round houses which are contemporary with them. the tradition of circular monuments is long standing, from henges to stone circles, round barrows to round houses and that they share the same ground plans suggest an overarching cosmology. ‘the geometric form of the circle provided a template for understanding the world’ (bradley 1998). that on ‘bodmin moor and in west penwith and elsewhere we find circles within circles within circles, in the form of rings of cairns on the hills, stone circles, circular houses, and circular post rings within these houses. (bradley 1998). here again, form and content are intimately related and provide a further interdependence between the house as a practical entity and its symbolic value, its importance in the material provision of life and in which daily ritual becomes imbedded

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merry maidens and stone rings.

merry maidens stone circle. these stone rings seem closely related to the round houses which are contemporary with them. the tradition of circular monuments is long standing, from henges to stone circles, round barrows to round houses and that they share the same ground plans suggest an overarching cosmology. ‘the geometric form of the circle provided a template for understanding the world’ (bradley 1998). that on ‘bodmin moor and in west penwith and elsewhere we find circles within circles within circles, in the form of rings of cairns on the hills, stone circles, circular houses, and circular post rings within these houses. (bradley 1998). here again, form and content are intimately related and provide a further interdependence between the house as a practical entity and its symbolic value, its importance in the material provision of life and in which daily ritual becomes imbedded

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boleigh standing stone.

boleigh standing stone. one of two ‘pipers’ that are part of the merry maiden stone circle ceremonial complex and are one of a set of outliers aligned to the circle. at 4.1 metres high it leans heavily to the northwest and like many similar stones has up to a third of it total length below ground making it around 6m in overall length. at around two tonnes in weight this fashioned menhir would have required a large well organised community to have erected it. sited close to two large granite grounders which seem to be significant in it positioning it forms with its taller companion part of a ceremonial route that might have connected the stone circle to the sea via lamorna valley and its water courses

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boleigh standing stone.

boleigh standing stone. one of two ‘pipers’ that are part of the merry maiden stone circle ceremonial complex and are one of a set of outliers aligned to the circle. at 4.1 metres high it leans heavily to the northwest and like many similar stones has up to a third of it total length below ground making it around 6m in overall length. at around two tonnes in weight this fashioned menhir would have required a large well organised community to have erected it. sited close to two large granite grounders which seem to be significant in it positioning it forms with its taller companion part of a ceremonial route that might have connected the stone circle to the sea via lamorna valley and its water courses

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merrivale stone row.

merrivale stone row. dartmoor. part of a complex of two stone circles, a double row (of which this is the southerly) a single row, a large cist, stone cairns, hut circles and standing stones. this double stone row is 264m long but just .9m wide and aligned 2degrees further to the north than the east west alignment of the northern double row. it terminates at the western end with paired pillars and a ground slab. it’s eastern end like the northern row has a triangular stone set against the line of the row. along its length, not quite at its centre is a small cairn circle 3.6m in diameter with its severn stones enclosing a cist

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merrivale stone row.

merrivale stone row. dartmoor. part of a complex of two stone circles, a double row (of which this is the southerly) a single row, a large cist, stone cairns, hut circles and standing stones. this double stone row is 264m long but just .9m wide and aligned 2degrees further to the north than the east west alignment of the northern double row. it terminates at the western end with paired pillars and a ground slab. it’s eastern end like the northern row has a triangular stone set against the line of the row. along its length, not quite at its centre is a small cairn circle 3.6m in diameter with its severn stones enclosing a cist

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mên scryfa.

mên scryfa or ‘Inscribed stone’ is situated on level ground near to mên-an-tol stone circle SW426349. it could mark the burial site of a prominent romano-celtic chieftain. the inscription reads ‘rialobran cunovali fili’ – or ‘here lies Rialvran (royal raven) son of cunoval’….although the words at the base of the stone now lie below ground level. it appears to be in an alignment to a groove in carn galver an important neolithic site a kilometre further north. it is thought that the inscription may have been made on a far older neolithic menhir an_tol

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mên scryfa.

mên scryfa or ‘Inscribed stone’ is situated on level ground near to mên-an-tol stone circle SW426349. it could mark the burial site of a prominent romano-celtic chieftain. the inscription reads ‘rialobran cunovali fili’ – or ‘here lies Rialvran (royal raven) son of cunoval’….although the words at the base of the stone now lie below ground level. it appears to be in an alignment to a groove in carn galver an important neolithic site a kilometre further north. it is thought that the inscription may have been made on a far older neolithic menhir an_tol

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pentre ifan cromlech.

pentre ifan cromlech. this extraordinary floating stone monument has two explanation for its construction and use – one the more traditional is that it is a neolithic communal burial chamber with the 16 tonne capstone forming its lid and that it would have been the business end of a long barrow with a court at its front facing in this case south , these is evidence of this mound with some of its cur stone still present in a deteriorated form at the site. another more radical explanation is what we see now is closer to its original form and that indeed the stone was intended to be seen to float. that it was a expression of the builder’s prowess and skill. the capstone as is the case here has a flat under as a result of it being split from and even larger erratic and this was important – other similar monuments have their underside fearfully pecked away to achieve the same result. It was raised to this position gradually using stones props and levers and the three main supports then placed into position. other large were then added. these floating stones were. it is suggested a highly augmented version of the standing stone monuments and were announcing the presence of a tribal territory or a special or sacred place. what we do know is that it was in use over a extended period of time and may well have been used in different ways and meaning different things over the course of its existence. so both propositions might be true

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pentre ifan cromlech.

pentre ifan cromlech. this extraordinary floating stone monument has two explanation for its construction and use – one the more traditional is that it is a neolithic communal burial chamber with the 16 tonne capstone forming its lid and that it would have been the business end of a long barrow with a court at its front facing in this case south , these is evidence of this mound with some of its cur stone still present in a deteriorated form at the site. another more radical explanation is what we see now is closer to its original form and that indeed the stone was intended to be seen to float. that it was a expression of the builder’s prowess and skill. the capstone as is the case here has a flat under as a result of it being split from and even larger erratic and this was important – other similar monuments have their underside fearfully pecked away to achieve the same result. It was raised to this position gradually using stones props and levers and the three main supports then placed into position. other large were then added. these floating stones were. it is suggested a highly augmented version of the standing stone monuments and were announcing the presence of a tribal territory or a special or sacred place. what we do know is that it was in use over a extended period of time and may well have been used in different ways and meaning different things over the course of its existence. so both propositions might be true

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cwrt-y-gollen standing stone.

cwrt-y-gollen standing stone otherwise known as the growing stone for it does appear to be thrusting out of the ground. this 4metre high red sandstone menhir sits close to an enormous oak with a prodigious girth. it certainly reinforces the reflection that this stone is alive and is indeed growing out from the earth. these standing stones were perhaps the antecedents of the upturned oak trees which feature in many of the timber monuments that were a part of a ceremonial life that preceded this period

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cwrt-y-gollen standing stone.

cwrt-y-gollen standing stone otherwise known as the growing stone for it does appear to be thrusting out of the ground. this 4metre high red sandstone menhir sits close to an enormous oak with a prodigious girth. it certainly reinforces the reflection that this stone is alive and is indeed growing out from the earth. these standing stones were perhaps the antecedents of the upturned oak trees which feature in many of the timber monuments that were a part of a ceremonial life that preceded this period

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llangynidir standing stone. llwn-y-fedwen. brecknock.

llangynidir – alt. llwn-y-fedwen – standing stone. brecknock. a magnificent stone of erratic limestone stands 4.27 m in height, 1.42 m wide and a metre thick, on the north side of the river usk above langynidr’s mediaeval bridge. sited on a natural knoll some 60 m in length with many lose stones at its base. these can be traced for some way towards the river and might be the remains of a stone wall. it has deep horizontal grooves on one side and a covering of pronounced white lichen. the stone came to notoriety in the 1970’s when is was dowsed by bill lewis, a well known local dowser, and found to have emitted a magnetic field. this was confirmed later with the use of a magnometer although compelling this has yet to be repeated

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llangynidir standing stone. llwn-y-fedwen. brecknock.

llangynidir – alt. llwn-y-fedwen – standing stone. brecknock. a magnificent stone of erratic limestone stands 4.27 m in height, 1.42 m wide and a metre thick, on the north side of the river usk above langynidr’s mediaeval bridge. sited on a natural knoll some 60 m in length with many lose stones at its base. these can be traced for some way towards the river and might be the remains of a stone wall. it has deep horizontal grooves on one side and a covering of pronounced white lichen. the stone came to notoriety in the 1970’s when is was dowsed by bill lewis, a well known local dowser, and found to have emitted a magnetic field. this was confirmed later with the use of a magnometer although compelling this has yet to be repeated

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tangled roots greig hill.

tangled roots greig hill these trees line an ancient trackway that seems to skirt several barrows along the ridge of the name above cardif

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tangled roots greig hill.

tangled roots greig hill these trees line an ancient trackway that seems to skirt several barrows along the ridge of the name above cardif

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mulfra quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

mulfra quoit. neolithic chambered tomb. standing just south west of the summit of mulfra hill this has thee remaining uprights and a dislodged capstone. a depression on the underside of this stone suggests it might have located the capstone on

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mulfra quoit. neolithic chambered tomb.

mulfra quoit. neolithic chambered tomb. standing just south west of the summit of mulfra hill this has thee remaining uprights and a dislodged capstone. a depression on the underside of this stone suggests it might have located the capstone on

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arthur’s stone. neolithic chambered tomb

arthur’s_stone, herefordshire is a neolithic chambered tomb, or dolmen, 3,700 to 2,700 BCE is situated on the ridge line of a hill overlooking both the golden valley and the wye valley, its tomb is topped by a large capstone, weighing

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arthur’s stone. neolithic chambered tomb

arthur’s_stone, herefordshire is a neolithic chambered tomb, or dolmen, 3,700 to 2,700 BCE is situated on the ridge line of a hill overlooking both the golden valley and the wye valley, its tomb is topped by a large capstone, weighing

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carn brea holed_stone.

holed_stone. carn brea. these large holed stones have associated with ceremonial sites across europe where many have used to form threshold entrances to tombs and entrance graves. the closest one to this fine specimen is known as the men_an_tol and is now thought to be part of a stone circle although it has been found to be associated with a stone mound with might have been the remains of a cairn. the hole are naturally formed by a combination of acidic rain water and wind agitation. carn brea is the site of a neolithic tor enclosure and a later iron age roundhouse settlement. many hundreds of Flint arrow head have been found leading to speculation that it was a site of a major battle although a much more straightforward explanation might be that these sites were involved as centres of trade, seasonal gathering and feasting.
#stones #archaeology #neolithic #natural_stone_feature #ceremonial #sacredplaces #holed_stone #iron_age #artefact #arrow_heads #monochrome

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carn brea holed_stone.

holed_stone. carn brea. these large holed stones have associated with ceremonial sites across europe where many have used to form threshold entrances to tombs and entrance graves. the closest one to this fine specimen is known as the men_an_tol and is now thought to be part of a stone circle although it has been found to be associated with a stone mound with might have been the remains of a cairn. the hole are naturally formed by a combination of acidic rain water and wind agitation. carn brea is the site of a neolithic tor enclosure and a later iron age roundhouse settlement. many hundreds of Flint arrow head have been found leading to speculation that it was a site of a major battle although a much more straightforward explanation might be that these sites were involved as centres of trade, seasonal gathering and feasting.
#stones #archaeology #neolithic #natural_stone_feature #ceremonial #sacredplaces #holed_stone #iron_age #artefact #arrow_heads #monochrome

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cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs.

cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs. closely associated to scottish and irish tombs. this circular formation has its five chambers facing outward and arranged such that they have a direct relationship with prominent landscape features. an 18th century excavation records burnt bones, urns and black sea pebbles. an outlying stone seen here between the chambers and the promontory is cup marked. #capstones #propped_stone #chambered_tomb #archaeology #ancient_architecture #landscape #neolithic #cup_ marks #rock_art #bnw #cromlech #pembrokeshire

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cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs.

cerrig-y-gof (cerrig atof) five chambered tombs. closely associated to scottish and irish tombs. this circular formation has its five chambers facing outward and arranged such that they have a direct relationship with prominent landscape features. an 18th century excavation records burnt bones, urns and black sea pebbles. an outlying stone seen here between the chambers and the promontory is cup marked. #capstones #propped_stone #chambered_tomb #archaeology #ancient_architecture #landscape #neolithic #cup_ marks #rock_art #bnw #cromlech #pembrokeshire

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